This directory includes data relative to floods number and layers tickness measures at Lake Ledro, near Garda (Riva del Garda, Rovereto, Italy).
NOAA Paleo-data site: Data available at:
# Study_Name:  A 2000 year long seasonal record of floods in the southern
  European Alps, Lake Ledro, Northern Italy
# Investigators:
# Wirth,S.B.; Gilli,A.; Simonneau,A.; Ariztegui,D.; Vannière,B.; Glur,L.;
  Chapron,E.; Magny,M.; Anselmetti,F.S.;
# Description_and_Notes
Description: This dataset contains ages and thicknesses of individual flood
# layers ('thickness' files) as well as 30-year moving sums of flood events
# ('counts' files) for all seasons. The dating of the flood layers is based
# on varve counting and the age-model error of ±2.5% is estimated based on
# the comparison with five radiocarbon ages.
# Publication 
#       Authors: Wirth, S. B., A. Gilli, A. Simonneau, D. Ariztegui,
#       B. Vannière, L. Glur, E. Chapron, M. Magny, and F. S. Anselmetti
#       Published_Date_or_Year: 2013
#       Published_Title: A 2000 year long seasonal record of floods in the
#       southern European Alps
#       Journal_Name: Geophysical Research Letters
#       Volume: 40
#       Pages: 4025-4029
#       DOI: 10.1002/grl.50741
# Abstract: Knowledge of past natural flood variability and controlling
# climate factors is of high value since it can be useful to refine
# projections of the future flood behavior under climate warming. In this
# context, we present a seasonally resolved 2000 year long flood frequency
# and intensity reconstruction from the southern Alpine slope (North Italy)
# using annually laminated (varved) lake sediments. Floods occurred
# predominantly during summer and autumn, whereas winter and spring events
# were rare. The all-season flood frequency and, particularly, the
# occurrence of summer events increased during solar minima, suggesting
# solarinduced circulation changes resembling negative conditions of the
# North Atlantic Oscillation as controlling atmospheric mechanism.
# Furthermore, the most extreme autumn events occurred during a period of
# warm Mediterranean sea surface temperature. Interpreting these results in
# regard to present climate change, our data set proposes for a warming
# scenario, a decrease in summer floods, but an increase in the intensity of
# autumn floods at the South-Alpine slope.

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