Stuff for CM160.HTML

Mediterranean SST warmest than the last 2000 yrs (During the Roman Empire). Sicily Channel cores
cm160.html     Bond events (from Wiki, modif., Italian)
  • Carolin et al., 2019. Stacy A. Carolin, Richard T. Walker, Christopher C. Day, Vasile Ersek, R. Alastair Sloan, Michael W. Dee, Morteza Talebian and Gideon M. Henderson: Precise timing of abrupt increase in dust activity in the Middle East coincident with 4.2 ka social change , PNAS, , 2019. S.I. S.I. local (see noaa/carolin42/)
  • Fischer 1982. Fischer A.G.: Long-Term Climatic Oscillations Recorded in Stratigraphy , in: Climate in Earth History, National Acad. Press., 97-104, 1982
  • Incarbona et al., 2011. Alessandro Incarbona, Mario Sprovieri, Fabrizio Lirer, Rodolfo Sprovieri: Surface and deep water conditions in the Sicily channel (central Mediterranean at the time of sapropel S5 deposition, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology , 306, 243-248, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.04.030
  • Kawahata, 2019. Hodaka Kawahata: Climatic reconstruction at the Sannai-Maruyama site between Bond events 4 and 3—implication for the collapse of the society at 4.2 ka event , a Progress in Earth and Planetary Science , 6:63, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40645-019-0308-8   N. labradorica definition
  • Margaritelli et al., 2020. G. Margaritelli, I. Cacho, A. Català, M. Barra, L.G. Bellucci, C. Lubritto, R. Rettori & F. Lirer: Persistent warm Mediterranean surface waters during the Roman period, Scientific Reports, 10, 10431, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67281-2
  • Mariani et al., 2018. L. Mariani, G. Cola, O. Failla, D. Maghradze, F. Zavatti: Influence of Climate Cycles on Grapevine Domestication and Ancient Migrations in Eurasia, Science of the Total Environment, 635, 1240-1254, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.4.175   SM (docx); SM (pdf, 61MB)
  • Wang et al., 2005 Yongjin Wang, Hai Cheng, R. Lawrence Edwards, Yaoqi He, Xinggong Kong, Zhisheng An, Jiangying Wu, Megan J. Kelly, Carolyn A. Dykoski, Xiangdong Li: The Holocene Asian Monsoon: Links to Solar Changes and North Atlantic Climate, Science, 308, 854-857, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1106296
  • Raup & Sepkoski, 1984 D.M. Raup, J.J. Sepkoski Jr : Periodicity of extinctions in the geologic past , PNAS, 81, 801-805, 1984. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.81.3.801

    I define here my own use of the term "Ka": Wikipedia defines it as "Kilo-annum", i.e. a synonymous for "Kyr" many other authors do use. I prefer the significance "Kiloyears ago" i.e. a substitute of "Kyr BP". Why do I give it such a wording? I've read "Ka" declined in several ways, and often with ambiguity, by single authors (also by myself), so have seen the opportunity to unambigously use an existing unit to render the term "Kyr BP" in a compact and known way. In the plots of this post I use always the label: "Age (Ka=Kyr BP)" in order to avoid misunderstanding.
    As a little example of such an uncertainty, the above quoted papers use: Carolin et al, 2019, Ka; Incarbona et al, 2011, kyr BP; Kawahata, 2019, Ka in the title and both yr BP and ka in figures and text; Margaritelli et al, 2020, yr BP; Mariani et al, 2018 (I'm an author, here), kyrs BP and, in one case, ka BP; Wang et al, 2005, yr BP.
    I'm not alone in this approach: e.g. Fischer(1982), well before the born of Wikipedia, wrote: "The times of these first-order glaciations (Figure 9.3) are Late Precambrian [about 750–650 m.y. ago (Ma)]," also if two almost contemporary collegues, Raup e Sepkoski (1984), outline: Abbreviation: ma, million year(s).
    The Wikipedia item Cretaceous writes: "The Cretaceous ( /krɪˈteɪ.ʃəs/, krih-TAY-shəs)[1] is a geological period that lasted from about 145 to 66 million years ago (mya).

    Plots, Figures 00readme
    Incarbonaet al. 2011110-140 Ka, , Sicily Channel
    d18O (Glob r)(pdf) (png) Globigerinoides ruber
    d13C (Glob r)(pdf) (png) Globigerinoides ruber
    d18O (Uvi m) (pdf) (png) Uvigerina mediterranea
    d13C (Uvi m) (pdf) (png) Uvigerina mediterranea
    Margaritelliet al. 20200-5.5 Ka, Sicily Channel
    SST (Mg/Ca)(pdf) (png) (cap)
    Carolinet al. 20193.5-5 Ka, Iranian Plateau Gol-e-Zard (“Yellow Flower”) Cave
    Isotopes(pdf) (png) (cap)
    δ18O Comparison (pdf) (png) (cap)
    Isotopes LOMB(pdf) (png) (cap)
    Isotopes LOMB Zoom(pdf) (png) (cap)
    Kawahata20191-8 Ka, Japan Sea
    SST (Alkenone)(pdf) (png) (cap)
    δ18O (lab/st)(pdf) (png) (cap)
    δ13C (lab/st)(pdf) (png) (cap)
    Wanget al., 20050-9 Ka, Dongge Cave, China
    δ18O & LOMB (pdf) (png) (cap)
    δ18O only(pdf) (png) (cap)
    =================================================
    Data     
    Incarbonaet al. 2011
    Original dataset(txt)
    Used dataset(txt)
    Margaritelliet al. 2020
    SST (Mg/Ca)(txt)
    Carolin 2019
    All data Orig.(xlsx)
    All data used(txt)
    δ18Oc LOMB(out) "c" means Carolin
    δ13C LOMB(out)
    Mg/Ca LOMB(out)
    Sr/Ca LOMB(out)
    Ba/Ca LOMB(out)
    S/Ca LOMB(out)
    Kawahata 2019
    All data Orig.(txt)
    All data(txt)
    SST (Alk) LOMB(out)
    δ18O l LOMB(out) N. labronica
    δ18O s LOMB(out) N. stella
    δ13C l LOMB(out) N. labronica
    δ13C s LOMB(out) N. stella
    Wanget al. 2005, Dongge Cave, China
    δ18O(txt)



    Code
    channel.bon, mgca.bon, kawa-sst.bon, kd180ls.bon, kd13Cls.bon, dongge05.bon, dongge.bon,
    isotopi.bon, iso-lomb.bon, iso04-lomb.bon,
    mgca.f,
    Page Written: July 29, 2020        Last Updated: